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The Basics of Prostate Cancer by Sarah Voorhees

By at July 25, 2013 | 12:42 pm | Print

The topic that I will be discussing in my paper is the Prostate Cancer disease. This is very close to me because my father was diagnosed with this two years ago. This was a huge surprise and shock to find out that this could happen to someone in my own family. Although this kind of cancer is not as severe as others are, it still took a toll on my family.

Prostate Cancer is mainly found in men and can grow very slowly. One out of six men will be diagnosed with prostate cancer in their life. This type of disease occurs when cells are forming and growing out of control. This happens in the prostate glands of men that are usually diagnosed before the age of 80. The average age of diagnosis is 67 but there is no male that has been diagnosed before the age of 40.This cancer is the most common cancer that is among males. Prostate Cancer may cause pain, trouble in urination, pain in sexual intercourse, or an erectile dysfunction.  There are no definite symptoms of this type of cancer but if males have pain in urination or other types of pain in that area could possibly be checked for Prostate Cancer. If you have advanced Prostate Cancer men may find blood in their urine or trouble having an erection. If it is advanced it could travel to the spine and hip regions causing severe problems. There is also a blood test that is available to men who aren’t experiencing any symptoms. This test is called the prostate-specific antigen blood test. Another way to detect prostate cancer is to have your physician take a biopsy of the tissue. This is when they take a sample of the cancer and view it under a microscope to see the severity and what stage the cancer maybe in.

There are different categories of Prostate Cancer. There is the T category, which helps the doctor decide what kind of tumor the prostate may have. Next are the N categories which helps the doctors see if the cancer has spread through the body to the lymph nodes. Then are the M categories, which help to see if the cancer has spread even further into the body like to the organs, lungs, or bones. Some of the ways to treat Prostate cancer are to use surgery, Radiation therapy, Chemotherapy, Hormone therapy, or just waiting and watching to see how it ends up.

Most patients of prostate cancer normally have follow up care that they should follow. They will have to have regular doctor check ups that include blood tests, and different kind of exams. Most doctors suggest that patients get blood tests about every six months since the surgery or treatment of the prostate cancer. Cancer can always make its way back into the body of someone. So it is very important that a patient who has had this cancer before make sure they are very open with their doctor. That they communicate if there is any problems or notice that something isn’t right. Having a clear communication with their doctor is very key to making sure the cancer doesn’t have a chance to return.

 

References:

http://www.cancer.org/cancer/prostatecancer/detailedguide/prostate-cancer-after-follow-up

http://www.webmd.com/prostate-cancer/default.htm

http://m.cancer.gov/types/prostate

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Prostate_cancer

 

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